Displaced Students due to natural disasters or emergencies (August 2014 School Leader Update)
Given recent flooding throughout the state, here is just a reminder regarding how to apply the McKinney-Vento definition of homeless to your displaced students. The law generally covers students who are displaced by natural disasters or emergencies.
Education for Homeless
A homeless child or youth ages 3-21;
A child who lacks a fixed, regular and adequate night-time residence and includes the following:
- A child who is sharing the housing of others (includes doubled-up families) due to loss of housing, economic hardship, or a similar reason; is living in a motel, hotel, or camping grounds due to the lack of alternative accommodations; is living in an emergency or transitional shelter; is abandoned in a hospital, or is awaiting foster care placement;
- A child who has a primary night-time residence that is a public or private place not designed for or ordinarily used as a regular sleeping accommodation for humans beings;
- A child who is living in a car, park, abandoned building, substandard housing, bus or train station, or similar setting;
- A migratory child/youth who qualifies as homeless because of the living circumstances described above; or
- Youth who have run away or youth being forced to leave home.
While posters and brochures may contain more informal language to communicate the concept of what is meant by homeless, the full definition as stated above should be posted somewhere in the district such as the K-12 handbook, school board policy or the website.