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Social Studies - Geography

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Geography is the study of the interaction between people and their environments. Geography therefore looks at the world through the concepts of location, place, human-environmental interaction, movement, and region.

Kindergarten-Grade 2

Essential Concepts and/or Skills

Understand the use of geographic tools to locate and analyze information about people, places, and environments

  • Understand representations of the earth such as maps, globes and photographs.
  • Understand representations of locales and regions on maps and globes.

Understand how geographic and human characteristics create culture and define regions

  • Understand human and physical characteristics of places. (Ex. rural, urban, forest, desert, etc.).
  • Understand the concept of regions according to physical and human criteria.
  • Understand the concept of culture.
  • Understand the concepts of urban and suburban.
  • Understand that different people living in the same region maintain different ways of life.

Understand how human factors and the distribution of resources affect the development of communities and the movement of populations

  • Understand why people choose to settle in different places.
  • Understand the role that resources play in human's daily lives.
  • Understand modes of transportation used to move products, people and ideas.

Understand how geographic processes and human actions modify the environment and how the environment affects humans

  • Understand ways in which people depend on the physical environment.
  • Understand humans impact the environment in positive and negative ways.
  • Understand the environment impacts humans in positive and negative ways.
  • Understand areas of a community have changed over time.

 

Grades 3-5

Essential Concepts and/or Skills

Understand the use of geographic tools to locate and analyze information about people, places, and environments

  • Understand political, topographical and historical maps, aerial photos and maps.
  • Understand the use of mental maps to organize information about people, places, and environments in a spatial context.
  • Understand the concepts of title, legend, cardinal directions, distance, grids.
  • Understand the use of data sources, atlases, data bases, grid systems, charts, graphs, and maps to generate, manipulate, and interpret information.
  • Understand the spatial elements of point, line, area and volume.
  • Understand the representations of major physical and human features on maps and globes.

Understand how geographic and human characteristics create culture and define regions

  • Understand the characteristics of regions--physical and cultural.
  • Understand regions change over time and the causes and consequences of these changes.
  • Understand ways regional, ethnic, and national cultures influence individuals' daily lives.
  • Understand how people from different cultures think about and deal with their physical environment and social conditions.
  • Understand language, stories, folktales, music and artistic creations serve as expressions of culture and influence behavior of people.

Understand how human factors and the distribution of resources affect the development society and the movement of populations

  • Understand causes and effects of human migration.
  • Understand reasons for the growth and decline of settlements.
  • Understand density and sparcity in terms of human settlement.
  • Understand the relationship between population growth and resource use.
  • Understand the concepts of renewable and non-renewable resources.
  • Understand recycling.
  • Understand the relation between economic activities and natural resources in areas.

Understand how physical processes and human actions modify the environment and how the environment affects humans

  • Understand the characteristics of places are shaped by physical and human processes.
  • Understand humans interact and adapt to the physical environment.
  • Understand ways to monitor science and technology in order to protect the physical environment, individual rights and the common good.
  • Understand laws and policies that govern the environment.

 

Grades 6-8

Essential Concepts and/or Skills

Understand the use of geographic tools to locate and analyze information about people, places, and environments

  • Understand the characteristics and purposes of geographic tools and representations of the earth such as maps, globes, graphs, charts, models, grid systems, aerial and other photographs, GIS, satellite-produced images and databases.
  • Understand mental maps of locales, regions and the world.
  • Understand geographic relationships such as population density and spatial distribution patterns.

Understand how geographic and human characteristics create culture and define regions

  • Understand human and physical characteristics of place.
  • Understand the concept of region.
  • Understand the physical environment affects life in different regions.
  • Understand communities reflect the cultural backgrounds of their inhabitants.
  • Understand patterns of cultural diffusion.

Understand how human factors and the distribution of resources affect the development society and the movement of populations

  • Understand physical and cultural patterns and their interactions, such as land use, settlement patterns, cultural transmission of customs and ideas, and ecosystem changes.
  • Understand world patterns of resource distribution and utilization.
  • Understand the role of technology in resource acquisition and use, and its impact on the environment.
  • Understand the development and widespread use of alternative energy sources have an impact on societies.
  • Understand physical and human geographic factors have influenced major historic events and movements.

Understand how physical processes and human actions modify the environment and how the environment affects humans

  • Understand human systems develop in response to conditions in the physical environment.
  • Understand major processes that shape patterns in the physical environment.
  • Understand the environmental consequences of both the unintended and intended outcomes of major technological changes in human history.
  • Understand technology influences the human capacity to modify the physical environment.
  • Understand the environmental consequences of people changing the physical environment.
  • Understand ecosystems in terms of their characteristics and ability to withstand stress caused by physical events.

 

Grades 9-12

Essential Concepts and/or Skills

Understand the use of geographic tools to locate and analyze information about people, places, and environments

  • Understand the characteristics and uses of geographic technologies.
  • Understand geographic representations and tools used to analyze, explain and solve geographic problems.
  • Understand the use of mental maps of physical and human features of the world to answer complex geographic questions.
  • Understand perspective and point of view in interpreting data on maps.
  • Understand the value of using maps from different sources and points of view.

Understand how physical and human characteristics create and define regions

  • Understand culture as an integrated whole that explains the function and interactions of language, literature, the arts, traditions, beliefs and values and behavior patterns.
  • Understand regional boundaries change.
  • Understand places and regions are important to individual human identity and as symbols for unifying or fragmenting society.
  • Understand external forces can conflict economically and politically with internal interests in a region.

Understand how human factors and the distribution of resources affect the development of society and the movement of populations

  • Understand population issues.
  • Understand international migrations are shaped by push and pull factors.
  • Understand the impact of human migration on physical and human systems.
  • Understand the impact of policy decisions regarding the use of resources in different regions of the world.
  • Understand issues related to the reuse and recycling of resources.
  • Understand the physical and human factors that have led to famines and large-scale refugee movements.
  • Understand competition for and conflict over natural resources.

Understand how physical and human processes shape the Earth's surface and major ecosystems

  • Understand relationships between soil, climate, plant and animal life affect the distributions of ecosystems.
  • Understand the importance of ecosystems in understanding the environment.
  • Understand physical processes affect different regions of the United States and the world.
  • Understand social, cultural and economic processes shape the features of places.
  • Understand the effects of human and physical changes in ecosystems both locally and globally.

Understand how human actions modify the environment and how the environment affects humans

  • Understand competition for control of the Earth's surface can have a positive or negative effect on the planet and its inhabitants.
  • Understand the global impact of human changes in the physical environment.
  • Understand programs and positions related to the use of resources on a local to global scale.

Understand how culture affects the interaction of human populations through time and space

  • Understand technology and human mobility have changed various cultural landscapes.
  • Understand the processes of spatial change have affected history.
  • Understand the role culture plays in incidences of cooperation and conflict in the present day world.
  • Understand the causes of boundary conflicts and internal disputes between culture groups.
  • Understand diverse cultural responses to persistent human issues.

Understand how cultural factors influence the design of human communities

  • Understand the impact of changing global patterns of trade and commerce on the local community and predict the future impact of these patterns.
  • Understand cultures influence the characteristics of regions.
  • Understand people create places that reflect culture, human needs, government policy, and current values and ideals as they design and build places.

Printed from the Iowa Department of Education website on April 16, 2014 at 12:04pm.