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Social Studies - Behavioral Sciences

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Behavioral sciences include, but are not limited to, the areas of sociology, anthropology and psychology. In addressing these disciplines the actions and reactions of humans are studied through observational and experimental methods.

Kindergarten-Grade 2

Essential Concepts and/or Skills

Understand the changing nature of society

  • Understand that people and institutions change over time.
  • Understand past, present and future.
  • Understand that people in different times and places view the world differently.

Understand all people have individual traits

  • Understand that people are alike and different in many ways.
  • Understand that individuals will respond to events differently.

Understand interactions between self and the peer group

  • Understand that people often choose to dress, talk, and act like their friends.
  • Understand that people often choose to do certain things their own way.
  • Understand that telling and listening is a way that people can learn from others.
  • Understand that disagreements occur between friends.
  • Understand that rules let people understand what to expect and so can reduce the number of disputes.

Understand the relationship of the individual to the components of society and culture

  • Understand that different groups may have different rules and patterns of acceptable behavior.
  • Understand that people belong to some groups because they are born into them and some because they join them.
  • Understand that groups influence one’s thoughts and actions.
  • Understand that a community is a group to which a person may belong.
  • Understand that people tend to live in families in which individuals have different roles.
  • Understand the features of nuclear and extended families.

 

Grades 3-5

Essential Concepts and/or Skills

Understand the changing nature of society

  • Understand various institutions, ideas, values and behavior patterns change over time.
  • Understand that the decisions of one generation provide the range of possibilities open to the next generation.
  • Understand that human beings can use the memory of their past experiences to make judgments about new situations.

Understand the influences on individual and group behavior and group decision making

  • Understand that people involved in a dispute often have different points of view.
  • Understand that communicating different points of view in a dispute can often help people to find a satisfactory compromise.
  • Understand that resolving a conflict by force rather than compromise can lead to more problems.
  • Understand that if a conflict cannot be settled by compromise, it may be decided by a vote if everyone agrees to accept the results.
  • Understand that family, groups and community influence the individual's daily life and personal choices.
  • Understand stereotyping.
  • Understand the role of cultural unity and diversity within and across groups.

Understand how personality and socialization impact the individual

  • Understand that various factors contribute to the shaping of a person's identity.
  • Understand that human beings have different interests, motivations, skills, and talents.
  • Understand the rights and responsibilities of the individual in relation to his/her social group.
  • Understand various meanings of social group, general implications of group membership, and different ways that groups function.

Understand the process of how humans develop, learn, adapt to the environment, and internalize their culture

  • Understand the fundamental concepts of growth and development.
  • Understand learning and physical development affect behavior.
  • Understand personal changes over time, such as those related to physical development and personal issues.
  • Understand that language, stories, folktales, music, and artistic creations are expressions of culture.
  • Understand that interactions among learning, inheritance, and physical development affect human behavior.
  • Understand that group and cultural influences contribute to human development, identity, and behavior.

Understand current social issues to determine how the individual formulates opinions and responds to issues

  • Understand that the way a person views an issue reflects personal beliefs, experiences, and attitudes.

Understand how to evaluate social research and information

  • Understand the use of research procedures and skills to investigate an issue.

 

Grades 6-8

Essential Concepts and/or Skills

Understand the changing nature of society

  • Understand that a large society may be made up of many groups, and these groups may contain many different subcultures.
  • Understand various institutions influence people.
  • Understand various institutions influence elements of culture.
  • Understand that technology is important in spreading the ideas, values, and behavior patterns within a society.
  • Understand the role of institutions in furthering both continuity and change.
  • Understand the means by which individuals, groups, and institutions may contribute to social continuity and change within a community.

Understand how personality and socialization impact the individual

  • Understand the ways family, gender, ethnicity, nationality, socioeconomic factors and institutional affiliations contribute to personal identity.
  • Understand the influence of perception, attitudes, values, and beliefs on personal identity.

Understand the influences on individual and group behavior and group decision making

  • Understand that various factors affect decisions that individuals make.
  • Understand role, status, and social class affect interactions of individuals and social groups.
  • Understand that each culture has distinctive patterns of behavior that are usually practiced by most of the people who grow up in it.
  • Understand that standards used to judge behaviors vary for different settings and societal groups.
  • Understand that technology is important in spreading ideas, values, and behavior patterns within a society and among different societies.
  • Understand that the media may influence the behavior and decision-making of individuals and groups.

Understand the process of how humans develop, learn, adapt to the environment, and internalize their culture

  • Understand that all behavior is affected by both inheritance and experience
  • Understand values, language, beliefs, and behaviors contribute to the transmission of culture.
  • Understand that language and tools enable human beings to learn complicated and varied things from others.
  • Understand that technology is important in spreading the ideas, values, and behavior patterns within a society.

Understand current social issues to determine how the individual is able to formulate opinions and respond to those issues

  • Understand that personal values influence the types of conclusions people make.
  • Understand the concepts of bias, prejudice, stereotyping, power, role, status, justice.
  • Understand group and institutional influences on people, events, and elements of culture.

Understand how to evaluate social research and information

  • Understand that human behavior is studied using scientific methods.
  • Understand basic distinctions between information that is based on fact and information that is based on opinion.

 

Grades 9-12

Essential Concepts and/or Skills

Understand the historical development of the behavioral sciences and the changing nature of society

  • Understand the fields of psychology and sociology developed in response to social and economic changes.
  • Understand the role of major social institutions of American society.
  • Understand the role of social institutions as well as individual and group behaviors, in bringing about social change.
  • Understand that mass media, migrations, and conquest have affected social change by exposing one culture to another.
  • Understand change and development in institutions further both continuity and change in societies.

Understand the influences on individual and group behavior and group decision making

  • Understand the components of social structure and how social structure affects the individual in society.
  • Understand society practices social control through the use of norms and sanctions.
  • Understand the role of deviance in society and its effects on individual and group behavior.
  • Understand that a group may act, hold beliefs, and/or present itself as a cohesive whole, and yet individual members may hold varying beliefs.
  • Understand that people might ignore evidence that challenges their beliefs and more readily accept evidence that supports them.

Understand the appropriate research procedures and skills of the behavioral scientist

  • Understand the appropriate uses of the research methods used by behavioral scientists.
  • Understand the types of research methods used by behavioral scientists to study human behavior, social groups, social issues and problems.

Understand current social issues to determine how the individual is able to formulate opinions and responds to those issues

  • Understand past and current cultural, religious, and social reform movements.
  • Understand that differences in the behavior of individuals arise from the interaction of heredity and experience.
  • Understand that conflict between people or groups may arise from competition over ideas, resources, power, and/or status.
  • Understand that personal values influence the types of conclusions people make.
  • Understand that even when the majority of people in a society agree on a social decision, the minority who disagree must be protected from oppression.
  • Understand ideas and modes of inquiry drawn from behavioral science and social theory in the examination of persistent issues and social problems.

Understand how social status, social groups, social change, and social institutions influence individual and group behaviors

  • Understand the concept of stratification.
  • Understand gender, age, health, and socioeconomic status affect social inequality.
  • Understand changes in social and political institutions reflect and affect individuals' values and behaviors.

Understand the process of how humans develop, learn, adapt to their environment, and internalize their culture

  • Understand that heredity, culture, and personal experience interact in shaping human behavior.
  • Understand the stages of physical, perceptual, and intellectual development that humans experience from infancy to old age.
  • Understand the concept of culture.
  • Understand that peoples' values and behavior are shaped by their culture.
  • Understand the processes of cultural transmission and cultural change.

Understand how personality and agents of socialization impact the individual

  • Understand the factors that shape personality and identity
  • Understand the process of socialization leads individuals to become functioning members of society.
  • Understand groups and institutions sometimes promote social conformity.

Printed from the Iowa Department of Education website on April 19, 2014 at 6:05am.