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Present Levels of Academic Achievement and Functional Performance (PLAAFP) Ages 3-12

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Definition

The PLAAFP provides a summary of the child’s academic achievement and functional performance.

Academic Achievement describes how the student is doing in the Iowa Core Curriculum and the Early Learning Standards.

Functional Performance can be described as:

  • The ability of the student to apply academic skills in a variety of ways or settings,
  • Skills needed by severe and profound students in order to live in society such as personal hygiene, mobility around community, communication,
  • For preschool children, the child’s participation in appropriate activities.

Appropriate Activities

Appropriate activities are those activities that are consistent with age–relevant abilities or milestones that typically developing children of the same age would be performing or would have achieved.

Sections of PLAAFP

The sections of the PLAAFP are intended to:

  • Engage parents and students in the IEP process,
  • Establish a context for discussion by the IEP team,
  • Establish a foundation for decision making, and
  • Establish a foundation for specially designed instruction.

These sections include:

  • Student’s Strengths, Interests, and Preferences
  • Parent Concerns regarding their child’s education
  • Special Considerations
  • Other essential information
  • Effect of the disability

Strengths, Interests, and Preferences

Strengths are general things the student is good at doing.
For preschool children this may include strengths associated with the developmental skills address in the Iowa Early Learning Standards 2012.

Interests are things, events, or people that evoke the student’s curiosity.
For preschool children this may include interests associated with their daily activities.

Preferences are things, events, or people that the student chooses above others. These are not limited to the needs of the student in the school setting.
For preschool children this may include their choice of participation in centers or activities in the home.

Parent’s Concerns

Record any concerns that the student’s parent(s) may have regarding enhancing their child’s educational program.

It is required by law that not only are the concerns of the parents to be documented on the IEP but that the team must address these concerns during the development of the IEP.

Special Considerations

The IEP Team must consider the following when developing the IEP:

  • Behavior
  • Communication
  • Limited English Proficiency
  • Health
  • Braille
  • Assistive Technology

Behavior Concerns

The IEP team must decide if behavior is a concern for the student.

They do this by determining if the student’s behavior impacts his or her own learning or the learning of other students?

The team must consider the use of positive behavioral intervention or supports and other strategies to address the behavior. The way the behavior will be considered must be documented on the IEP:

  • If yes, the team must then decide how the student’s behavior will be addressed?
    • In the IEP
    • Through a Functional Behavior Assessment and Behavior Intervention Plan
  • If no, document that behavior is not a concern

A student’s Functional Behavior Assessment and Behavior Intervention Plan must be attached to the IEP.

Limited English Proficiency

The IEP team must decide if limited English proficiency is a concern in addition to the student having a disability, not the reason for the child’s inability to succeed in the Iowa Core Curriculum. These students must have been determined to be a student with a disability that is beyond their inability to speak English.

The way the limited English proficiency will be considered must be documented on the IEP:

  • If yes, the team must address this concern in the IEP
  • If no, document that limited English proficiency is not a concern

Communication and Language Concerns

The IEP team must decide if communication and language is a concern for the student. This is true especially in the case of a student who is deaf or hard of hearing. When appropriate, communication or language plans may also be written for students with profound speech difficulties.

The way the communication and language concerns will be considered must be documented on the IEP:

  • If yes, the team must then decide how the student’s communication and language concerns will be addressed?
    • In the IEP
    • Through a Communication Plan
  • If no, document that communication and language are not a concern

A student’s Communication Plan must be attached to the IEP.

Braille

The IEP team must decide if Braille instruction will be provided to a student with a visual impairment.

Whether Braille instruction will be provided must be documented on the IEP.

  • If yes, Braille is needed and will be addressed in the IEP
  • If no, Braille is not needed

Health Needs

The IEP team must decide if health needs are a concern for the student.

They do this by determining if the student has health needs that require intervention, procedures, or services in order to access education.

The way the health need concerns will be considered must be documented on the IEP:

  • If yes, the team must then decide how the student’s health needs will be addressed?
    • In the IEP
    • Through a Health Plan
  • If no, document that health needs are not a concern

A student’s Health Plan must be part of the student’s health record.

Assistive Technology

The IEP team must decide if the student requires assistive technology.

They do this by determining if assistive technology is required in order for the student to access the general education curriculum.

When assistive technology will be provided for the student this must be documented on the IEP.

  • If yes, assistive technology is needed and will be addressed in the IEP
  • If no, assistive technology is not needed

Assistive Technology & NIMAS

NIMAS Eligibility

If the student is eligible for NIMAS this must be documented on the IEP.

Assistive Technology & NIMAS

Other Essential Information

This section should include information that is essential to the development of the IEP.

This includes information that addresses the need for activities and supports that are not directly related to a student’s goals.

For example: A student who walks slowly due to a disability and needs an accommodation such as more time to travel between classes without being considered tardy. An accommodation such as this would need to be described on the services page.

This also includes information that the IEP team sees as useful to the understanding of the student’s current status and needs.

For example, a student with ADD is taking medication that effectively controls the student’s difficulty with attention and work completion.

It may also include information regarding the student that may require future action through the IEP.
For example, noting on the IEP that a 2nd grade student who was meeting grade level math standard and benchmarks while in 1st grade is falling slightly behind in 2nd grade and suggesting that the student’s math progress be monitored.

Effect of the Disability

The IEP team needs to develop a statement describing how the student’s disability effects his/her involvement and progress in the general education curriculum. This statement must include a description of the functional implications of the student’s disability and should include both in school and out of school implications.

For preschool children, the IEP team’s statement must describe how the child’s disability affects his/her participation in appropriate activities including the functional implications.

Printed from the Iowa Department of Education website on April 18, 2014 at 12:47pm.