Blind and Visually Impaired
Visual impairment, including blindness, means impairment in vision that, even with correction, adversely affects an individual’s educational performance.
The definition includes:
Individuals with visual impairment vary significantly from one another in regard to their visual abilities.
Eligibility is determined through a rigorous assessment process conducted by a teacher of students who are blind or visually impaired (TVI) and an Orientation and Mobility Specialist (OMS).
All students should receive a learning media assessment (LMA) to determine the current reading and writing media (braille, large print, dual print media, and regular print with optical devices or regular print without optical devices) best suited to the student. (See information below regarding primary and secondary learning mediums)
All students are given assessments in the nine priority content areas of the Iowa Expanded Core Curriculum
Students with any functional vision should have a functional vision assessment (FVA) to determine how the student uses the remaining vision in a variety of educational settings. It is critical to evaluate the status of a student’s visual abilities at least every three years.
When assessments are administered to a student who is blind or visually impaired all the requirements for valid and reliable tests are followed along with providing the assessment in the individual’s native language or other mode of communication (braille, large print, or use of optical devices), unless it is clearly not feasible to do so.
281--Iowa Administrative Code 41.304(3)a(2-5)b & c
|Primary Learning Medium||
A primary learning medium:
|Secondary Learning Medium||
A secondary learning medium:
|Special Components of the IEP||
The IEP team must assure that the decisions made regarding the student’s primary learning mode are integrated throughout the IEP. When developing an IEP for a student who is blind or visually impaired, the IEP team must assure that in addition to the items addressed on all IEPs these additional items must be addressed: