Laws and Regulations
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Iowa schools are governed by various rules, laws and regulations set by local (community), state and federal policymakers and lawmakers.
Proposed Administrative Rules must follow a strict timeline --including public hearings, approval by the State Board of Education, and approval by the Administrative Rules Review Committee -- before they become effective.
When an appeal is filed with the Department, and a hearing is held, an administrative law judge writes a proposed decision based on testimony and evidence presented during the hearing. A final decision is then issued by either the Director (CACFP, Transportation, and Athletic) or the State Board of Education (all others except Special Education).
When an appeal is filed with the Department about a special education issue, an administrative law judge writes a final decision based on testimony and evidence presented during the hearing.
The term "Iowa Code" refers to any statute that is enacted by the legislature and signed by the Governor. At times, Iowa Code dictates that a state agency should develop additional Iowa Administrative Code (also simply called rules) to further define or operationalize a given piece of Iowa Code. Both have the force of law once put in place.
Administrative Rules are written by state agencies to implement laws passed by the Legislature. Proposed Rules must have a public hearing and be approved by the Administrative Rules Review Committee. Upon approval, they have the force of law.
A series of items of interest of a legal nature included in each issue of the School Leader Update. The topics listed below are ones that are universally true and always relevant.