First Amendment (July 2014 School Leader Update)
“Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a re-dress of grievances.”
TOP 10 First Amendment Principles for Schools:
- No school-sponsored prayer in a public school.
- No silent meditation or other devotional activity in a public school.
- No school-sponsored Bible reading in a public school.
- No invocations at school-sponsored athletic events.
- No display of religious exhibits or other visual materials in public schools.
- Private, voluntary prayer by a student is permissible.
- Absent either the impingement on the rights of others or the likelihood of a substantial and material disruption at school, school officials may not regulate student speech at school.
- Lewd, indecent, objectively offensive speech by students may be regulated by school officials.
- School officials may regulate speech that appears to promote illegal or harmful activity.
- In Iowa, students have the right of free expression in official school publications as long as materials are not obscene, libelous, slanderous, and the materials do not encourage unlawful acts, violate school regulations, or cause a material and substantial disruption to school operations.