Education of Children in Foster Care
On this page...
I want to emphasize the importance of doing all we can to address the special needs of children in our care, because the work we do now will, in many ways, affect their future, and ultimately, the future of our communities.
--Former Iowa Supreme Court Chief Justice Marsha Ternus
The district of location is responsible for the education of Iowa students when they are placed in foster care and/or out-of home care within the state of Iowa. The Department of Education's involvement varies from monitoring, accreditation and oversight to collaboration with agencies such as the Department of Human Services (DHS), Juvenile Court/Children's Justice Initiative, Department of Corrections and private providers contracted by the DHS. The intent of the information contained on this page is to enable the people and entities who serve children in foster care and out-of-home care to do so more ably and more consistently across the State and across child serving agencies.
Children in out-of-home care face additional educational barriers that their peers do not. It is important to create positive school experiences to enhance the well-being of all students and to increase the educational stability of students in foster/out-of-home care. These experiences help students in foster care of out-of-home care make more successful transitions to adulthood, increase their chances for personal fulfillment and economic self-sufficiency, as well as increase their ability to contribute to society.
Improving Education Outcomes for Children in Foster Care (2009-09-25) - Memo from former Director Judy Jeffrey.
Awaiting Foster Care (2010-08-31) - Memo from former Acting Director Kevin Fangman providing a definition of "awaiting foster care placement."
Federal Law and Iowa Code
PL 110-351/HR 6893 Fostering Connections to Success and Increasing Adoptions Act of 2008 (Fostering Connections Act) - Improving Outcomes for Children in Foster Care - This is the text in its entirety, to view the educational stability portion, refer to Title II--Section 204 Educational Stability (p. 12-13)
The Iowa Code has been updated to include specific areas to address educational responsibilities of districts in educating children and youth in foster/out-of-home care. The following document has been prepared as a courtesy to and for the use of school personnel, Department of Human Services caseworkers, foster parents, and all other interested parties as general guidelines regarding education issues for foster children. These materials are not intended as legal advise to the reader.
The following links access specific sections of the Iowa Code pertaining to districts compliance with Foster Connections Legislation. Code sections are also referenced in the Guidelines for the Education of Children in Foster Care in Iowa document.
- Iowa Code section 280.29
- Iowa Code section 282.10
- Iowa Code section 282.19
- Iowa Code section 282.29
- Iowa Code section 282.31
Legal Questions Contact:
Students in Out of State Facilities Contact:
The following resources are provided through The Legal Center for Foster Care Education (FCE). The Legal Center FCE serves as a national technical assistance resource and information clearinghouse on legal and policy matters affecting the education of children in the foster care system. The Legal Center FCE provides expertise to states and constituents, facilitates networking to advance promising practices and reforms, and provides technical assistance and training to respond to the ever-growing demands for legal support and guidance. These resources can be downloaded at: http://www.abanet.org/child/education/. Refer to the Guidelines for the Education of Children in Foster Care in Iowa document, for laws specific to the state of Iowa.
Student Enrollment and Transitions:
- Prompt & Proper Placement--Enrolling Students without Records
- School Selection Brief for Students in State Care
- School Stability--Caseworker Roles
- School Stability - Educator Roles
- School Transitions - Caseworker Roles
- School Transitions - Educator Roles
- Overcoming Barriers to School Reentry
- Parent consent for student activities in foster care
- Supporting Youth in Transition to Adulthood Lessons Learned from Child Welfare and Juvenile Justice
- Tools for Promoting Educational Success and Reducing Delinquency
- Making the Right Turn--Transition of Youth in Juvenile Corrections
- Tools for Promoting Educational Success and Reducing Delinquency
- Transition Toolkit--NDTAC
- McKinney Vento--What Administrators Should Know
- McKinney Vento and Children and Youth Awaiting Foster Care Placement
Foster Care Q & A:
- FC Q&A--Awaiting Placement & McKinney-Vento
- FC Q&A--Collecting Data to Improve Educational Outcomes for Students in Out of Home Care
- FC Q&A--Credit Transfer and School Completion
- FC Q&A--Information Sharing to Improve Educational Outcomes
- FC Q&A--Mobility Issues and Special Education for Children in Out of Home Care
- FC Q&A--NCLB & Students in Out of Home Care
Special Education Decision Making for Students in Out of Home Care:
- Special Education Decision Making--Role of Child Welfare Caseworker
- Special Education Decision Making--Role of Child's Attorney
- Special Education Decision Making--Role of Education
- Special Education Decision Making--Role of the Foster Parent
- Special Education Decision Making--Role of the Judge
- Special Education Decision Making--Role of Youth in Foster Care
- Special Education Decision Making For Children in Foster Care
- Special Education Decisions for Children in Foster Care--Everyone Has a Role
Decision-Making for Children with Disabilities in Foster Care - This document, jointly issued by the department of education and human services, explains who may act as a parent for purposes of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) for children who are in foster care. It clarifies the role of established parents, foster parents, guardians, DHS employees, and surrogate parents.
Iowa's Children's Justice Initiative is dedicated to improving the lives and future prospects of children who pass through Iowa's dependency courts.
The Legal Center for Foster Care and Education (Legal Center FCE) serves as a national technical assistance resource and information clearinghouse on legal and policy matters affecting the education of children in the foster care system. The Legal Center FCE focuses on supporting direct education advocacy efforts for children in foster care, as well as promoting federal, state and local laws and policies that address the education needs of this population.
The Iowa Foster and Adoptive Parents Association is a non-profit organization serving as a resource to foster, adoptive and kinship families in Iowa.
Elevate is a group of young people who seek to inspire others to new levels of understanding & compassion to the life connection needs of foster care & adoptive teens by sharing their personal stories of hope. The Department of Human Services partnered with Children and Families of Iowa to expand the successful Des Moines elevate chapter to sites across Iowa.
Iowa Department of Human Services official website. This link features the Foster Care Parents Handbook.
Iowa Courts official website featuring the handbook on juvenile court for parents.
Funding for educational programs is in Iowa Code chapter 282.
Below is a list referencing specific types of programming. For questions about billing procedures, reimbursements or claims, contact Su McCurdy firstname.lastname@example.org or Joyce Thomsen email@example.com at the Iowa Department of Education.
Foster Care Claims
- Iowa Code section 282.19 Child living in substance abuse for foster care placement.
- Iowa Code section 282.27 Children living in psychiatric hospitals or institutions - payment.
- Iowa Code section 282.29 Children places by district court.
- Iowa Code section 282.30 Special programs.
- Iowa Code section 282.31 Funding for special programs.
- Iowa Code section 282.33 Funding for children residing in state mental health institutions or institutions.