# Mathematics » High School: Geometry » Expressing Geometric Properties with Equations

### Iowa Core Mathematics Support

Resources to support Iowa Core Mathematics

## Standards in this domain:

### Translate between the geometric description and the equation for a conic section

• G-GPE.1. Derive the equation of a circle of given center and radius using the Pythagorean Theorem; complete the square to find the center and radius of a circle given by an equation.
• G-GPE.2. Derive the equation of a parabola given a focus and directrix.
• G-GPE.3. (+) Derive the equations of ellipses and hyperbolas given the foci, using the fact that the sum or difference of distances from the foci is constant.

### Use coordinates to prove simple geometric theorems algebraically

• G-GPE.4. Use coordinates to prove simple geometric theorems algebraically. For example, prove or disprove that a figure defined by four given points in the coordinate plane is a rectangle; prove or disprove that the point (1, √3) lies on the circle centered at the origin and containing the point (0, 2).
• G-GPE.5. Prove the slope criteria for parallel and perpendicular lines and use them to solve geometric problems (e.g., find the equation of a line parallel or perpendicular to a given line that passes through a given point).
• G-GPE.6. Find the point on a directed line segment between two given points that partitions the segment in a given ratio.
• G-GPE.7. Use coordinates to compute perimeters of polygons and areas of triangles and rectangles, e.g., using the distance formula.