|Types of Special Education Services, Activities and Supports
Special education services, activities and supports provided to students with IEPs in order for individual:
- To advance appropriately toward attaining the annual goals;
- To be involved and progress in the general curriculum;
- To be educated and participate with other individuals with disabilities and nondisabled students;
- To participate in extracurricular and other nonacademic activities; and
- By age 14, pursue the course of study and post-high school outcomes (living, learning and working)
These services, activities and supports include:
- Assistive Technology
- Community Experiences
- Development of work and other post-high school living objectives
- Linkages/interagency responsibilities
- Program modifications
- Specially designed instruction
- Supplementary aids and services
- Supports for School Personnel
- Support or related services
- Specialized Accessible Formats
Actions designed to meet the unique needs of a student or are required to assist the student to take advantage of, or respond to educational programs and opportunities.
Examples – specially designed instruction, speech language pathology, specialized transportation, extended year school services, Occupational Therapy, Physical Therapy, health services
Events or tasks that the student needs to complete or are provided in order to take advantage of, or respond to, educational programs and opportunities. The identification of activities is particularly relevant to the provision of transition services.
Examples – Work experiences, field trips, community experiences, applying for colleges or vocational rehabilitation services
Things or persons provided for student, or professional development provided for school personnel, which allow the student to have access to the general curriculum.
Examples – assistive technology devices, consultation among teachers, inservice opportunities or professional literature provided for school personnel, paraprofessionals provided for the students
Accommodations are supports or services provided to help a student access the general curriculum and demonstrate learning. Accommodations do not change the playing field.
Iowa Accommodations Guidelines
Assistive technology enables students with disabilities to participate more fully in all aspects of life, including home, school, and community, and helps them access a Free Appropriate Public Education (FAPE) in the Least Restrictive Environment (LRE).
Educationally supported activities in the community necessary for the child to have a free appropriate public education (FAPE.)
Community based activities providing instruction in the use of community resources (stores, post office, recreational facilities, public transportation.)
|Development of work and other post-high school living objectives
Work and other post-high school living objectives are developed to provide the student with the skills necessary to do such things as:
- seek, get and maintain a job
- successfully accomplish important adult activities such as registering to vote, doing taxes or renting a home.
- set up and maintain a household
A statement of interagency responsibility or linkages required for a student to receive FAPE during transition to post-secondary life.
- Activities that secure commitments from work experience sites;
- Iowa Vocational Rehabilitation Services responsibilities
- Application processes for post-high school living, working, education training.
Changes made to the context and performance standards for students with disabilities. It changes the playing field for a student.
- Modifications in performance expectations in general education classes
- Modified requirements for earning credits
|Specially Designed Instruction
Specially designed instruction is adapting the content, methodology, or delivery of instruction as appropriate to the needs of the child. This instruction should:
- address the unique needs of the child that result from the disability; and
- ensure access to the Iowa Core, so that the child can meet the educational standards that apply to all children.
|Supplementary Aids and Services
Supplementary aids and services are aids, services, and supports that enable children with disabilities to be educated with nondisabled children to the maximum extent appropriate.
These aids, services and supports can be provided in:
Examples of supplementary aids and services include:
- general education environments,
- Classroom, Music Room, School Gym
- education–related settings,
- extracurricular settings, and
- Athletics, Clubs, School Plays
- nonacademic settings.
- School Dances, School sponsored activities
- Educational Interpreters
- Appropriate adult supervision as determined by Student's IEP Team
- School nurse services
|Supports for School Personnel
Supports or services that provide school personnel with the necessary skills and assistance needed to support the implementation of a child’s IEP.
- Professional development
- Consultation with support service personnel such as Occupational or Physical Therapist
- Professional literature
A support service may be provided by one of the following persons:
- A specially trained and appropriately certified individual
- An assistant supervised by a specially trained and appropriately certified individual; or
- A student’s teacher using a consultative process with a specially trained and appropriately certified individual.
Support Services include:
- Speech/Language Pathology
- Occupational Therapy
- Physical Therapy
- School Social Work Services
- School Psychology Services
In most districts and schools in Iowa support services are provided by Area Education Agency staff.
Related services are transportation and such developmental, corrective and other supportive services as are required to assist child with disabilities to benefit from special education.
Related services include:
- Specialized Transportation
- Orientation and Mobility
- School Health Services
- School Nurse Services
- Parent Counseling and Training
- FM Auditory Trainer
|Specialized Accessible Formats
Specialized accessible formats refer to methods of making information accessible to persons who may not be able to access printed material. The most common types of accessible formats are:
- Electronic text
- Large print
- Tactile graphics
National Instructional Materials Accessibility Standard (NIMAS) website